MERDEKA! MERDEKA! MERDEKA!

MERDEKA! MERDEKA! MERDEKA!
2018, 31 OGOS: Kemerdekaan yang amat manis kali ini kerana buat julung kalinya Malaysia merdeka daripada cengkaman kleptokrat yang hampir-hampir 'bersultan di mata, beraja di hati'.

'SABKA SAATH, SABKA VISAS' PILIHAN PENGUNDI INDIA 2014

Isnin, Mei 19, 2014

| | |
Inilah manifesto Parti Bharatiya Janata yang menang besar dalam pilihanraya umum India 2014, kemenangan yang akan menabalkan Ketua Menteri Gujarat, Narendra Modi (gambar sebelah), 63, sebagai Perdana Menteri India untuk lima tahun ke hadapan. 

"Our Pledge
Ek Bharat - Shreshtha Bharat
Vibrant and Participatory Democracy
Empowered and Inspired People
Inclusive and Sustainable Development
Quality life in Villages and Cities
Basic Amenities to All
Flourishing Agriculture
Productive Youth
Involved Women
Robust physical and social Infrastructure
Innovative and Technologically driven Society
Globally competitive Economy
Brand India built on Quality
Strong, Effective and Futuristic Institutions
Open, Transparent and Systems-based Government
Pro-active, Pro-people Good Governance
To build a Modern India: the best foundation is our own Culture;
the best tool our own hands; and the best material our own aspirations

Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas"

Manifesto BJP ini sudah tentu tidak difahami oleh pengundi marhaen, dan BJP tidak menggarapnya untuk mereka. Sasaran BJP ialah pengundi kelas menengah baharu, neo-middle class, yang terdidik dan bergejolak dengan aspirasi baharu:

“...a whole new class has emerged. Those who have risen from the category of poor and are yet to stabilize in the middle class, the 'neo middle classThis class needs proactive handholding. Having moved out of poverty, their aspirations have increased. They want amenities and services of a certain standard. They thus now feel that Government facilities and services are not up to the mark, and hence resort to the private sector for things like education, health and transport. This is obviously costly, putting the neo middle class into a daily dilemma. As more and more people move into this category, their expectations for better public services have to be met.” - BJP Manifesto 2014

Aspirasi pengundi kelas menengah baharu ini merentas sempadan suku kaum, kasta, agama, adat resam dan kenegerian. Pengundi inilah yang menatap dan memahami manifesto BJP, lantas memberikan kepercayaan kepada parti itu - serta ikon cemerlangnya, Narendra Modi - untuk memimpin India selama 60 bulan ke hadapan.

Kemenangan besar BJP bermakna kekalahan teruk Parti Kongres India pimpinan suku-sakat Indira Gandhi - Rajiv Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi dan Rahul Gandhi - parti yang tertua dan yang terbesar di India, yang memerintah dan membangunkan India selama 54 tahun.

Penganalisis politik BBC di Delhi, India, Soutik Biswas, menyimpulkan punca kekalahan teruk INC seperti berikut:

  • Failure to adapt to a changing India which was moving from 'a petitional to an aspirational culture'.
  • "...deep intelletual failure to understand and adapt changed circumstances".
  • "...continued with politics of low aspiration".
Baca selanjutnya di sini.